(F, S) As part of the Humanities sequence and the sequel to HIST 110, this course examines the role of religion in the maintenance of Roman, Christian, and Islamic empires, with particular attention to religiously inspired art, architecture and literature. The course begins with an examination of the rise of the Roman Empire and proceeds to examine the Christian transformation of that empire from Constantine through the Middle Ages. The primary focus is "Christendom" in Western Europe with limited attention to developments in the Byzantine Empire. The rise and spread of Islam is also examined, with special attention given to the interaction between Christian and Muslim civilization.. The course ends with examination of forces that challenge the medieval political-religious establishment in Western Europe in the late Middle Ages and Renaissance. Prerequisite: ENGL 100 or 101 and HIST 110. Co-requisite: ENGL 102.